The leaves are eaten boiled, and the young, tender flowering stalks and shoots are roasted and eaten as well. [citation needed], The ethnobotany of the agave was described by William H. Prescott in 1843:[25]. Each rosette typically matures over time to as much as 6' tall by 8-10' wide. Suckers/offsets root at the base of each rosette over time, often forming a colony of new plants. [14] When this system was superseded by the APG III system in 2009, the Agavaceae were subsumed into the expanded family Asparagaceae, and Agave was treated as one of 18 genera in the subfamily Agavoideae,[15] a position retained in the APG IV system of 2016.[16]. In areas such as America's Pacific Northwest, they might be hardy for cold winter temperatures, but need protection from winter rain. Bailey, L.H. Best growth occurs in a sandy/gritty, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. The first listed was Agave americana, now the type species. The century plant is drought-resistant, low-maintenance, and quite striking, making it popular among garden enthusiasts. Common Name: American Century Plant, Agave A yellow-edge form of Agave americana that's sure to be an architectural focal point in your garden. The leaves of several species also yield fiber, for instance, Agave sisalana, the sisal hemp, and Agave decipiens, the false sisal hemp. ; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. Agave americana L. is an accepted name The Plant List: Agave, derived from the scientific name is the adopted common name for most agave species: (1) Magey, maguey, agave, Agave americana (2) Agave, sword agave, Agave vivipara L. Other Common Names: Century plant, American agave, American century plant, maguey, flowering aloe, American aloe, metl, spiked aloe. A beverage is squeezed from the baked fibers, and the heads can be baked or boiled, pounded into flat sheets, sun dried, and stored for future use. medio-picta, Agave americana subsp. But, tequila is only produced from Agave Tequilana Weber (blue agave), while mezcal is produced from 12 varieties. The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Agave americana . All 100% blue agave tequila must be made from the A. tequilana 'Weber's Blue' agave plant, to rigorous specifications and only in certain Mexican states. The genus Agave was erected by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, initially with four species. Reliably winter hardy to USDA Zones 8-10. Plant in full sun in … It does not take quite that long, more like 10-25 years, but once it does flower the main plant dies. Container plants may be grown in a gritty, cactus-type potting mix. [7] Most Agave species grow very slowly. Where winter hardy, this agave serves as an interesting tropical accent or specimen. The stalks, which are ready during the summer, before the blossom, weigh several pounds each. americana, from America, North or South. A. americana, century plant, was introduced into southern Europe about the middle of the 16th century, and is now widely cultivated as an ornamental, as it is in the Americas. Common name of century plant suggests the plant will live 100 years before flowering. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. A. attenuata is a native of central Mexico and is uncommon in its natural habitat. See more ideas about agave, americana, plants. The grey-green leaves will reach up to 2m (6 feet) in length and 25cm (10 inch) wide with marginal hooked spines. Scientific Classification. [19], In some of the older classifications, Agave was divided into two subgenera, Agave and Littaea, based on the form of the inflorescence. It is also commonly grown as a garden plant. In 2001, the Mexican government and European Union agreed upon the classification of tequila and its categories. Download preview. Botanical Name. Common names; Herb: Agave Latin name: Agave americana Family: Agavaceae (Century-plant Family) Medicinal use of Agave: The sap of agaves has long been used in Central America as a binding agent for various powders used as poultices on wounds. Tolerates dry soils and drought. No serious insect or disease problems. The leaves may be collected in winter and spring, when the plants are rich in sap, for eating. Sharp soil drainage is important. [13] A 2019 classification uses three subgenera:[20], Hybrids between species in Agave subg. Agave Americana Oaxacensis Common Agave Name: Arroqueño El Jolgorio Arroqueño Mezcal. The leaves also have sharp, spiked edges. [31][33] Resulting from its natural habitat in stressful environments, agave is under preliminary research for its potential use in germplasm conservation and in biotechnology to better anticipate the economic effects of global climate change. 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