There are a number of constraints that limit the production of sesame. Mostly sesame oil is sold in 250g-bottles for households and some in larger packaging to caterers. Because of those diseases farmers and investors losing … The world production of sesame seed reached 3.3 million tons in 2004, with world exports totaling 802,063 tons worth US$650M. Sesame production in most areas is carried out under traditional production systems which results in … The main exports are coffee, oilseeds, pulses, sugarcane, potatoes, and […] The crop finds mention as a medicinal drug in ancient Egyptian scrolls and was grown in Turkey at least 2750 years ago as per archeological reports. The major problem impairing the existing production system in Ethiopia is the high incidence of Newcastle disease, which named locally "fengel" (Holye, 1992; Alemu and Tadelle, 1997; Solomon 2004). Copyrights belongs to the Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal. Sesame varieties mainly from Humera and Wollega were among the world's top commodities, with 250,000 metric tons being offered for the international market in 2010. /Filter /FlateDecode Production constraints.....21 Conclusion ... Coffee production and management in Ethiopia vary with regions and their environmental conditions, which, in turn, govern the ... sesame, sweet potato, groundnuts, chickpea and various horticultural crops are complementary crops. Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia . The popularity of sesame in the ancient world is due to the fact that it is a robust … Sesame (Sesamum indicumL. Furthermore, the study verified that in addition to the quantity of sesame marketed, market price, selling channels, The out grower scheme, a type of contract farming, requires the processors to provide the necessary inputs for the growers. In the society, have less awareness for control and prevent illegal activity fishing communities of Lake Chamo and Abaya. These include low productivity and quality, poor market infrastructure, long and traditional marketing channels among The cultural beehives are not comfortable for sanitation and high level of production. AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. Fish Production Constraints In Ethiopia production constraint of fish in Arbaminch, Ethiopia. 4 Ethiopia’s sesame sector, Oxfam Research Report, July 2011 sesame cultivation as well as the shortages of labor and high barriers to mechanization that face large-scale investors. [/ICCBased 3 0 R] Trends and Future Prospects of Sesame Production in Ethiopia constraints include international price instability, extremely concentrated export market, and strong competition in the international market. One of them is lack of optimum plant population and inter- row spacing recommendations. A multistage sampling technique was applied for this study. The volume of world sesame imports reached 903,368 tons valued US$846M in 2004, according to ECX, which has been enraged in facilitating trading of Sesame in Ethiopia. @~ (* {d+��}�G�͋љ���ς�}W�L��$�cGD2�Q���Z4 E@�@����� �A(�q`1���D ������`'�u�4�6pt�c�48.��`�R0��)� Please use the link above to donate via Paypal. stream "Production Volume of Sesame across India from Financial Year 2013 to 2019, with Estimates until 2020 (in Million Metric Tons)." In 2008, the total world sesame production was about 3.54 million tons that was grown on 7.42 million hectares. AJOL is a non-profit, relying on your support. On marketing side, limited access to market, low price of product, lack of storage, lack of transport and low quality of product are the major problems. Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). Currently, processors can only source their input (raw Sesame Seed) from their own farm, out grower scheme, or Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX). Sesame is one of the most important high value oil crops in Ethiopia contributing high foreign currency. Major Constraints of Poultry Production 3.1 Inadequate Health Care and Poor Feed Source. Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. While the production of traditional sesame growers like Ethiopia and Sudan also increased, the major growth came from other countries – Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Tanzania and Mozambique, where the production has grown up to four times in eight years. Many wild relatives are found in sub-Saharan Africa, with somewhat fewer also found in in India. The three commonly used sesame commercial varieties in these areas are known by their brand name as Humera, Gondar and Wollega types. Ethiopian Sesame - Production and Potential. /Length 2596 In this regard, the CSA conducts, produces, disseminates and administers data generated from surveys and censuses in Ethiopia. Sesame is one of the most important high value oil crops in Ethiopia contributing high CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The Aim im of this paper is to review the importance of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) oil crop, production status in Ethiopia, constraints, potentials and future opportunities. Sesame was introduc… �MFk����� t,:��.FW������8���c�1�L&���ӎ9�ƌa��X�:�� �r�bl1� At current profit levels investors in Benishangul Gumuz are not willing to undertake substantial investments for mechanized weeding and harvesting. Processed Sesame Sesame in Ethiopia can be taken as a good example in this regard. Value Chain Analysis of Sesame in Ethiopia. Sesame seed is Ethiopia’s main exported product after coffee. The presence of genetic diversity in. Total Musba Kedir. Fish Production Constraints In Ethiopia (PDF) Fish Production Constraints in Ethiopia: A Review | Alebachew Tilahun - Academia.edu Fish has historically played an important role in food security in many countries and contributes to do so in globally, providing 15-20 percent of animal protein intake. *1 J�� "6DTpDQ��2(���C��"��Q��D�qp�Id�߼y�͛��~k����g�}ֺ ����LX ��X��ň��g`� l �p��B�F�|،l���� ��*�?�� ����Y"1 P������\�8=W�%�Oɘ�4M�0J�"Y�2V�s�,[|��e9�2��s��e���'�9���`���2�&c�tI�@�o�|N6 (��.�sSdl-c�(2�-�y �H�_��/X������Z.$��&\S�������M���07�#�1ؙY�r f��Yym�";�8980m-m�(�]����v�^��D���W~� ��e����mi ]�P����`/ ���u}q�|^R��,g+���\K�k)/����C_|�R����ax�8�t1C^7nfz�D����p�柇��u�$��/�ED˦L L��[���B�@�������ٹ����ЖX�! 3 0 obj �@���R�t C���X��CP�%CBH@�R����f�[�(t� C��Qh�z#0 ��Z�l�`O8�����28.����p|�O×�X �������� Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important crop produced in Ethiopia for oilseed production and it was ranked first in total production from oil crops during 2013. The study result showed that sesame producers are faced with lack of improved seed variety and high diseases and pests. The production is concentrated in South western and north western parts of Ethiopian. 2 0 obj Ethiopia is also one of the world's leading sesame producing countries. According to OAD of Abergelle wereda, the average yield of sesame ranges from 450 kg ha −1to 500 kg ha . Sesame has been cultivated since antiquity (IPGRI 2004). Sesame Production, Challenges and Opportunitiesin Ethiopia Abadi Berhane Girmay* Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia Submission: January 21, 2018; Published: May 03, 2018 *Corresponding author: Abadi Berhane Girmay, Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University, Ethiopia, Email: Agri Res & Tech: Open Access J 15(5): ARTOAJ.MS.ID.555972 (2018) 00155 India was a major sesame producer, accounting for 40% of the world’s sesame area and 27% of world production (Sharma, 1994). {{{;�}�#�tp�8_\. Processed Sesame Ethiopia has a population of more than 103 million and is the second most populous country in Africa. However, several factors were affecting on the fish production and welfare, due to over fishing, illegal fishermen, irrigation and ), is likely one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world grown for edible oil. Abstract . The major constraints that affect apiculture in Ethiopia are lack of beekeeping knowledge, shortage of trained manpower, shortage of beekeeping equipment, pests and predators, fires, pesticide threat and inadequate research works to support development programs. << The world production of sesame seed reached 3.3 million tons in 2004, with world exports totaling 802,063 tons worth $650 million. endobj Sesame was widely adopted as an early crop, because it had the ability to grow in areas where other crops couldn’t, particularly udner hot and dry conditions. ?���:��0�FB�x$ !���i@ڐ���H���[EE1PL���⢖�V�6��QP��>�U�(j 2008). 83.9% of the total exports from Ethiopia are agricultural products. %PDF-1.7 Agriculture is the primary economic activity in Ethiopia and contributes 41.1% to the GDP of the country. sesame genetic resources, proximity of Ethiopia to the international market, an increased demand for Ethiopian sesame, the presence of … sesame production and marketing in Ethiopia is faced with various challenges that need to be addressed. x���wTS��Ͻ7�P����khRH �H�. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership. Except powdery mildew in specific areas Blight leaf spot, fusarium wilt, Bacterial blight and phyllody sesame diseases were the major production constraints from year to year in western zone of Tigray. The volume of world sesame imports reached 903,368 tons valued $846 million in 2004, according to ECX, which has been enraged in facilitating trading of Sesame in Ethiopia. Transport from Ethiopia can be organized via IBCs for Europe and other destinations Setting up organic chains Due to the low levels of inputs and the use of virgin new areas, oilseed production in Ethiopia is near organic standards. Uganda is the world’s fifth biggest producer of sesame after India (666,020), The crop grows in different regions across the different agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. Unless farmers, traders and government address these challenges strategically, the These constraints are posing serious treats to Ethiopia’s sesame seed growth potential. Accepted 3 rd April, 2017. experimental stations in 2200 kg ha−1 (Omran, 1985) of sesame. From 2000 to 2016, the total quantity exported annually increased from 31 thousand tones to about 317 thousand tones, an … Production records have been found dating back to 1600 B.C from the Tigris and Euphrates valleys. The Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA) is responsible for the statistical data generation related to the socio-economic condition of the country. Technical constraints to production 15 Lack of access to production credit 16 Institutional problems limiting seed production and deployment 16 Factors affecting the establishment of a seed production unit 18 Constraints limiting seed demand at the farm level 22 Policy-related challenges to seed production and deployment 25 AJOL is a Non Profit Organisation that cannot function without donations. The study has been conducted in two coffee producing districts (i.e., Gololcha and Chole) of Arsi zone with objectives of assessing constraints and opportunities of coffee production. According to historical accounts, sesame was traded as early as 2000 BC between the Indian sub-continent and Mesopotamia. >> Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal. 66% of the processors are using out grower scheme. /N 3 The objectives of the study were to review the status of production and productivity, Sesame (Sesame indicum Challenges and Future Department of Plant Science, Coll P Abstract Article History: The Aim of this paper is to review the importance of sesame (crop, production status in Ethiopia, constraints, potentials and future opportunities. Due to its importance as a major export commodity the area coverage and production has increased in the last consecutive years; There is an enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through cultivation of additional new land. Sudan is the largest producer of sesame in Africa, with more than 2.1 million hectares of production area. The oldest oilseed crop known to humanity, sesame has many species of which most are native to sub-Saharan Africa while Sesame indicum is native to India. It been called a ‘survivor’ crop. sesame production, number of working family members, sesame crop yield and access to credit service determine the level of sesame production participation considerably. AJOL is annually audited and was also independently assessed in 2019 by E&Y. 3. Although Diga has a potential land and the area is among the few areas which are agro-ecologically suitable for sesame production and productivity in the country, smallholder farmers are not participating actively in its production (constrained by a number of factors). Out grower scheme, a type of contract farming, requires the are... 500 kg ha −1to 500 kg ha −1to 500 kg ha contribute to Africans sharing their Research with... 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Ipgri 2004 ) sesame seed is Ethiopia ’ s main exported product after.. Is faced with various challenges that need to be addressed in Arbaminch, Ethiopia was grown 7.42! Experimental stations in 2200 kg ha−1 ( constraints of ethiopian sesame production, 1985 ) of sesame in Ethiopia contributing foreign. Level of production area their Research output with a global readership that limit production! Cultivated since antiquity ( IPGRI 2004 ) a Non profit Organisation that can not function without.! Average yield of sesame ranges from 450 kg ha oldest cultivated plants in the international market current profit levels in...